- hedges w/ complex and leveraged ETFs
- rebalanced daily
All-Stars Tax-Efficient is a meta-strategy combining two proprietary portfolios from TuringTrader.com. We first introduced the strategy in February 2021.
All-Stars Tax-Efficient aims to improve risk-adjusted returns by diversifying across multiple investment styles, namely momentum and volatility targeting, while maintaining a tax-efficiency similar to that of a passive 60/40 portfolio.
With its daily rebalancing schedule, All-Stars Tax-Efficient has higher-than-average maintenance requirements.
The chart above shows the portfolio's historical performance and drawdowns, compared to their benchmark, throughout the simulation. The chart below shows the portfolio's annual returns:
This table shows the performance metrics for TuringTrader's All-Stars Tax-Efficient:
The portfolio last required rebalancing after the exchange's close on n/a. Due to fluctuations in asset prices and portfolio values, the exact allocations vary daily. The current asset allocation is as follows:
The operation of All-Stars Tax-Efficient can be summarized as follows:
- divide capital into two equal-sized tranches
- allocate one tranche each to TuringTrader's Four-Fifteen and (a more aggressive variant of) VIX Spritz
- rebalance between tranches once per month
By combining two strategies, All-Stars Tax-Efficient diversifies across investment styles. As a result, the meta-strategy achieves higher risk-adjusted returns than its individual components.
Both underlying strategies aim to hold onto their U.S. stock market exposure and avoid incurring short-term capital gains. While Four-Fifteen uses an inverse-leveraged ETF to reduce stock market exposure, VIX Spritz uses an ETF tracking VIX futures to achieve a similar effect. Interested investors may find more detail in the description of the respective strategies.
In bullish periods, All-Stars Tax-Efficient invests up to 100% of its capital in the U.S. Stock Market. This exposure is complemented with a minor position in U.S. Treasuries.
In bearish markets, All-Stars Tax-Efficient gradually reduces exposure to the S&P 500 to as low as zero while increasing the exposure to U.S. Treasuries and VIX futures.
With this asset mix, All-Stars Tax-Efficient is well-diversified with a low concentration risk. Further, through combining momentum and volatility-targeting mechanisms, the portfolio broadens the range of market scenarios it can cover successfully.
Returns & Volatility
Overall, All-Stars Tax-Efficient delivers smooth returns at volatility comparable to a passive 60/40. The Monte-Carlo simulation supports this claim in showing an almost identical risk profile.
All-Stars Tax-Efficient handily beats the 60/40 benchmark in most years. Further, when contemplating the complete economic cycle, the strategy beats the S&P 500 by a wide margin. The rolling returns show how the portfolio is continually gaining over its benchmark with only brief periods of underperformance.
The portfolio uses its holdings of inverse-leveraged ETFs and products tracking VIX futures only to hedge existing exposure to the S&P 500. Further, the total portfolio exposure, including the potential holdings of leveraged U.S. Treasury ETFs, does not exceed 100%. With these properties, the strategy has a lower tail risk than holding the S&P 500.
Account & Tax Considerations
The hedging techniques used with All-Stars Tax-Efficient allow holding onto at least 30% of the S&P 500 shares at all times. In typical scenarios, the percentage of S&P 500 shares held for more than 12 months is significantly higher than that.
All-Stars Tax-Efficient trades frequently and triggers taxable events on the way. However, these taxable events typically only affect a fraction of the total account, leading to a tax burden similar to a passive 60/40.
The portfolio makes use of complex and leveraged ETFs. Most brokerages require signing additional disclosures before allowing investors to use these instruments in their accounts. Because we use these ETFs only for hedging purposes, we believe our use of these products to be responsible.
Because of the complex ETF's inefficiencies, most importantly borrowing costs, and volatility decay, All-Stars Tax-Efficient should only be used in situations where tax-efficiency is a primary criterion. Further, the account size should exceed $20,000 to achieve accurate position sizing.